Second Book of Psalms - Psalms 42 to 72
The Second Book of Psalms covers SL 42 to 72. They are, above all, prayers of supplication and hymns of thanksgiving to God. The language of the Psalms is simple and accessible . Through metaphors, parallelisms, repetitions and other writing techniques, the authors of the Book of Psalms portray the most basic essence of people and peoples, as a collective unit. In human life a series of experiences of suffering , persecution , despair , violence and injustice arise . These, as described in the Psalms hundreds of years ago, still mark individuals and societies today, shaping them. That is why,the themes related to the Second Book of Psalms are timeless and various cultures pray the Psalms with equal faith and devotion.
The Book of Psalms
The Book of Psalms is composed of a collection of 150 poetic texts and is divided into five parts, called Psalm Books or Booklets. Each Book closes with short hymns of praise to God . The division into five parts was considered to correspond to the five books of Moses and it is assumed that each passage in the Pentateuch (first five books of the Bible, called Torah by the Jews) was read in parallel with the corresponding Psalm. Its main forms are lamentation , supplication , praise and gratitude . The five Books are:
- Book I - Psalms 1 to 41
- Book II - Psalms 42 to 72
- Book III - Psalms 73 to 89
- Book IV - Psalms 90 to 106
- Book V - Psalms 107 to 150
The name of Psalms , given to the one hundred and fifty liturgical songs, derives from the Greek Psalmoi and was coined for the Greek translation in the century. III a. C.. Before that, it may have had other names in Hebrew such as Mizmorot, a term meaning “Songs”. De Tefillot’s title , “Prayers” could equally have been in use. Tehillim , which means “Praises”, was the name that eventually prevailed in the Hebrew Bible.
The Personal Religious Experience and the Community Dimension
The victims’ reaction can trigger the violence of revenge and aggression , perpetuating the chain of evil. The suffering brought about by the brutal experience of evil (the enemy’s persecution, the deadly threat of disease, the frailty of life approaching death, the interior and relational disorder of sin…) is the context for the believer/Psalmist to cry out for God , asking for help , compassion , help , forgiveness .
From the personal and peoples’ vulnerability , which experience the danger of existence, interior transformation and the belief that it is possible to be reborn in the trust and hope of God ‘s mercy is born. The pleas that relate violence and anguish are already a cry for liberation, a call for help and a promise of a better future in the goodness of God.
The Second Book of Psalms
The themes of the titles of the Second Book of Psalms reflect well what concerns and martyrs the Psalmist. Most of them are prayers of supplication that appeal to God’s kind protection , affirm the confidence of his presence and glorify his morals and action on men. Most of them reflect a hopeful posture of the believer in his God - however bad the threat and the affront, he believes in the divine mercy and goodness that come to his aid .
- Psalm 42 - Nostalgia for God and Proximity to the Divine
- Psalm 43 - Nostalgia for the House of God
- Psalm 44 - People’s Plea for the Grace of God
- Psalm 45 - Poem for the King in Honor of His Glory
- Psalm 46 - God, Refuge and Strength of Peoples
- Psalm 47 - Hymn of Praise to the Universal King Yahweh
- Psalm 48 - Praise to Zion, City of God
- Psalm 49 - Vanity of Riches and the Fate of Death
- Psalm 50 - The True Sacrifice and the Spirit of Faith
- Psalm 51 - Prayer with a contrite and humbled heart
- Psalm 52 - Prayer Against the Wicked Mighty
- Psalm 53 - The Wicked and the Chosen People
- Psalm 54 - Request for Help and Supplication to God
- Psalm 55 - Prayer to God by a Persecuted
- Psalm 56 - Trust in the Middle of Persecution
- Psalm 57 - Supplication in Persecution
- Psalm 58 - Against Bad Judges
- Psalm 59 - Prayer of the Persecuted
- Psalm 60 - Prayer after a Defeat
- Psalm 61 - An Exile’s Prayer to God
- Psalm 62 - God, Only Refuge and Salvation
- Psalm 63 - Thirsty Soul for God and His Mercy
- Psalm 64 - Punishment of the Slanderers and the Wicked
- Psalm 65 - God’s Providence and World Order
- Psalm 66 - Hymn of Thanksgiving to God
- Psalm 67 - Invitation to the Praise of God
- Psalm 68 - Triumphal Song of God’s Benefits
- Psalm 69 - Prayer of the Just Afflicted to God
- Psalm 70 - Request for God’s Help
- Psalm 71 - An Elder’s Supplication to God
- Psalm 72 - Prayer to God for the Ideal King
Who Wrote the Psalms?
The earliest collection of Psalms, the oldest, is attributed to King David (Psalms 3–41), the ancestor of Jesus Christ and the most charismatic ruler of the nation of Israel. Another collection attributed to this author is constituted by Psalms 51 to 72, the date on which the exile began.
Psalms 42 to 49 are attributed to the sons of Korah , Levites who served in the temple and report the pilgrimage, the defeats. Most of them predate the destruction of Jerusalem. The King Solomon is the author of at least two Psalms.
Psalms 73 to 83 are attributed to the sons of Asaph , father of Joah, and a character mentioned in the Old Testament Bible, being prior to exile. Psalm 50, attributed to Asaf, joins the Davidic collection 3 to 41. Even so, the authorship of many Psalms remains unknown.
The Joy of Living in Communion with God’s Law
The Psalms are prayer-poems addressed to God, being the privileged way to address and speak with Him. Depicting the common man , with his failures, insecurities, fears and hopes, we can still identify with the Psalmist and be inspired today in Psalms to make prayers and supplications to God in times of trouble or express our gratitude for some blessing received.
The Psalms, despite being written in Antiquity, still move , sensitize , awaken feelings , inspire and enchant . In them, we can identify anguish and joy , deeply human feelings, praises, supplications, teachings of reflection on spiritual wisdom and prophetic words.
Written for different situations , some Psalms are intimate, revealing the author’s personal relationship with God; others provide guidelines and advice for life, others are compositions for specific liturgical events such as rituals and pilgrimages.
The Power of Prayer
The Psalms elevate our thoughts to the Divine and prayer is the power of the word . Prayer is the language of faith. Any thought, word or image addressed to God is called prayer . It is through it that we come into contact with our God within and, therefore, it is so powerful in transforming life . Prayer can produce miracles , turn dreams into reality, give us hope for change , harmony and peace with ourselves and the world.
Each Psalm, and the Second Book of Psalms well reflects these principles, has an intention that helps us to meditate and walk beside our God . For many theologians, the Book of Psalms has a prophetic or messianic tone as its verses refer to the coming of Christ into the world of men to guide them through the uncertainty and doubts of Human existence.
The prayer has the power to call the Spiritual Universe full mode, honest, sincere, conscious, for the purpose of spiritual self-protection, family protection and those who are dear to us, to have peace of mind, spiritual and physical, for prosperity and success, to protect health and relationships, to ward off negative energies and, above all, to connect us to something bigger than ourselves. From this peace , well-being, hope and goodness in front of everyone and everything result.
The faith can change our lives. It gives us tranquility and spiritual strength to face challenges. It helps us to meditate on our mission in life and to create a balanced and healthy environment for ourselves and those we love. When you pray, fill your heart with love and determination . The Psalms will guide you on a path of peace and communion with the higher energy .
- Psalm 2 - God And His Anointed
- Psalm 3 - Certainty Of Divine Help Against Enemies
- Psalm 4 - Trust In God In Tightening Times
- Psalm 5 - Morning Prayer Against Enemies
- Psalm 6 - Supplication Of A Righteous One In Distress
- Psalm 7 - Prayer Of The Persecuted Righteous
- Psalm 8 - Hymn To The Creator Of Man
- Psalm 9 - God, Protector Of The Lowly
- Psalm 10 - Prayer For The Oppressed, Orphans And The Disadvantaged
- Psalm 11 - Trust Of The Righteous In The Equity Of The Lord
- Psalm 12 - Prayer Against The Wicked Who Despise The Faith
- Psalm 13 - Confident Pleading For God's Protection
- Psalm 14 - The Wicked And The People Of God
- Psalm 15 - In The House Of The Lord And The Moral Precepts
- Psalm 16 - God, Refuge, Life And Safety