Psalm 109 - Prayer Against Enemies




[New International Version] Psalm 109 belongs to Book V of the Book of Psalms. Individual prayer of supplication, on the part of an innocent person who appeals to divine justice.

The  PS 109  belong to Book V  Book of Ps , which is composed of a collection of texts 150 arranged by 5 poetry books. The Book of Psalms, for its  wisdom  and  basic principles  of human action , is considered the heart of the Old Testament. Book V encompasses  Psalms 107  to  150 . Psalm 109 is divided into 31 Verses.

The Psalms are poems-prayers addressed to God, being the privileged way to address and speak to Him. These prayers represent human experiences and religious conscience . They portray the common man , with his faults, insecurities, fears and hopes and, even today, we can identify with the Psalmist and draw inspiration from these texts to pray and plead with God when we feel lost and anguished or to express our gratitude for some blessing received.

“There are enemies or friends, there is life or death, health or illness, pain or joy and, most of the time, there are no changes or gradations. Words are like stones and poetry like boulders carved by chisel”; “The Psalms are a bit like mountain paths, simple, especially when walking on snow, but they lead to the peaks; they are paths toward the peaks of meeting the Lord.” - Carlo Maria Martini, Cardinal of Milan

Psalm 109 - Prayer Against Enemies

1  To the director. From David. Psalm.

O God, be not deaf to my praise!

2  For against me they opened their mouths,
their mouths full of wickedness and treachery,
and spoke of me with a lying tongue.

3  With hateful words they surround
me and fight me without reason.

4  In return for my love they accuse me;
and I in prayer.

5 They  repay me with evil for good,
and hatred for my love.

6  “Let an evildoer be named against him
and an accuser to his right.

7  When he is tried, let him be convicted
and his request is another crime.

8  May your days of life be limited,
and let someone else seize your function!

9  Let his children be fatherless,
and his wife be widowed.

10  Let your children wander about, begging
and searching among its ruins.

11  Let the creditor take away all his possessions,
and strangers strip him of the fruit of his sweat.

12  Let no one pity him
or pity his fatherless children.

13  Let his seed be exterminated,
and his name erased in the next generation.

14  May your parents’ guilt be reminded of the Lord,
and your mother’s sin never be blotted out.

15  May the Lord keep them always present
and exterminate their memory from the earth.”

16 For  he did not remember to act with mercy,
but pursued the poor and the helpless
and the troubled in heart, to slay them.

17  He preferred the curse: let it come upon him!
He did not seek the blessing: let her depart from him!

18  Let him put on a curse like a robe;
let it enter like water into your interior
and like oil enter your bones.

19  Be like the clothing that surrounds you,
like the girdle with which you always tighten.

20  This is what the Lord does to my accusers,
to those who speak slander against me.

21  But You, O Lord, do well with me,
for the honor of Your name, Lord.
Save me, by your goodness and mercy!

22  For I am poor and helpless,
and my heart is anguished within me.

23  I pass by like a shadow that lingers;
I see myself chased away like a grasshopper.

24  My knees are weak from fasting
and my body is wasting away from thinness.

25  I became an object of derision to them;
they look at me and shake their heads.

26  Help me, O Lord my God;
save me, by your mercy.

27  Let them know that this is of your hand,
that You, Lord, have made it.

28  They may curse, but You bless.
Let my enemies rise and be ashamed
and let your servant rejoice.

29  Let my enemies be covered with shame;
let them cover themselves with their confusion like a cloak.

30  With my mouth I will give many thanks to the Lord,
and I will praise him in the midst of the crowd.

31  For He stands at the right hand of the poor,
to save him from those who condemn him to death.

Meaning and interpretation

The Psalm 109 is a single prayer of petition, by an innocent who appeals to divine justice . He refers to the words of his enemies in order that they serve as a sentence according to which they must be punished along with their families.

The curse reflects a strong awareness that human behavior should be taken seriously and responsibly . At this emotional level, the punishment of wrongs suffered is something in which the supplicant puts all the intensity and urgency. In verses 21-31 the Psalmist reaches the level of serenity in a prayer that expresses his trust in God .

The Psalms of Supplication are very present in the Book of Psalms. They speak of human frailty and the most basic feelings of your mortal condition. Times of peace and plenty contrast with war and individual or community destruction. The Psalmist pleads for God’s help and asks him to end his situation of affliction , ending with the certainty of having been heard .

In spiritual practice, the supplication and request to God reflects a lot the meaning of prayer, being the privileged way to establish contact and raise the voice to the Divine. In numerous Psalms, supplication seems to be the most immediate motivation and the greatest concern. When turning to God, the speaker / Psalmist finds tenderness, justice, compassion, reconciliation, purification, in short, peace itself.

The narratives and feelings involved in these prayers are varied and basic; affect humanity over the millennia, and are still current today. They reflect multiple interior , individual and collective experiences, and the relationship between people and peoples. They address topics such as the deadly threat of disease, persecution, aging, violence, war, betrayal, loneliness, enemy aggression and how these feelings alter consciousness we have of ourselves, of our relationship with others and with God.

Situations that prompt supplication can be bitter and desperate , but the Psalms generally express a state of mind of trust and end in thanksgiving . The Psalmist cries out to God for his help and forgiveness in a profound expression of limitless trust in divine compassion and justice. Even the cry of the Psalmist is already a fighting speech, change will, of inner transformation, confidence and hope for a free future evil, the suffering and the wicked .

The Psalms of Supplication they are classified as individual supplication and collective supplication. Those of Individual Supplication comprise Psalm 3; 5-7; 13; 17; 22; 26; 27; 28; 31; 35; 39; 42-43; 51; 54-57; 59; 61; 63; 64; 69-71; 88; 102; 109; 120; 130; 140-143. and those of  Collective Supplication Ps 12; 44; 58; 60; 74; 80; 83; 85; 90; 94; 108; 123; 127.

The Book of Psalms

The Joy and Happiness of the Righteous in Communion with God

The Psalms are prayer-poems addressed to God, being the privileged way to address and speak to Him. Depicting the common man , with his failures, insecurities, fears and hopes, we can still identify with the Psalmist and be inspired today in Psalms to make prayers and supplications to God in times of trouble or express our gratitude for some blessing received.

The Psalms, despite being written in Antiquity, still move , sensitize , awaken feelings , inspire and enchant . In them, we can identify anguish and joy , deeply human feelings, praises, supplications, teachings of reflection on spiritual wisdom and prophetic words.

Written for different situations , some Psalms are intimate, revealing the author’s personal relationship with God; others provide guidelines and advice for life, others are compositions for specific liturgical events such as rituals and pilgrimages.

The Book of Psalms is composed of a collection of 150 poetic texts and is divided into five parts, called Psalm Books or Booklets. Each Book closes with short hymns of praise to God . The division into five parts was considered to correspond to the five books of Moses and it is assumed that each passage in the Pentateuch (first five books of the Bible, called Torah by the Jews) was read in parallel with the corresponding Psalm. Its main forms are lamentation , supplication , praise and gratitude .

The Power of Prayer in Dialogue with the Divine

The Psalms elevate our thoughts to the Divine and prayer is the power of the word . Prayer is the language of faith. Any thought, word or image addressed to God is called prayer . It is through it that we come into contact with our God within and, therefore, it is so powerful in transforming life . Prayer can produce miracles , turn dreams into reality, give us hope for change , harmony and peace with ourselves and the world.

Each Psalm has an intention that helps us meditate and walk with our God . For many theologians, the Book of Psalms has a prophetic or messianic tone as its verses refer to the coming of Christ into the world of men to guide them through the uncertainty and doubts of Human existence.

The prayer has the power to call the Spiritual Universe full mode, honest, sincere, conscious, for the purpose of spiritual self-protection, family protection and those who are dear to us, to have peace of mind, spiritual and physical, for prosperity and success, to protect health and relationships, to ward off negative energies and, above all, to connect us to something bigger than ourselves. From this peace , well-being, hope and goodness in front of everyone and everything result.

The faith can change our lives. It gives us tranquility and spiritual strength to face challenges. It helps us to meditate on our mission in life and to create a balanced and healthy environment for ourselves and those we love. When you pray, fill your heart with love and determination . The Psalms will guide you on a path of peace and communion with the higher energy.