The PS 44
belong to Book II
of the book of PS
composed of a collection of texts 150 arranged by 5 poetry books. The Book of Psalms, for its wisdom
and basic principles
of human action
, is considered the heart of the Old Testament. Book II comprises the PS 42 the 72 . The PS 44
is divided into 27 verses.
The Psalms are poems-prayers
addressed to God, being the privileged way to address and speak to Him. These prayers represent human experiences
and religious conscience
. They portray the common man
, with his faults, insecurities, fears and hopes and, even today, we can identify with the Psalmist and draw inspiration from these texts to pray
with God when we feel lost
or to express our gratitude
for some blessing received.
"There are enemies or friends, there is life or death, health or illness, pain or joy and, most of the time, there are no changes or gradations. Words are like stones and poetry like boulders carved by chisel"; "The Psalms are a bit like mountain paths, simple, especially when walking on snow, but they lead to the peaks; they are paths toward the peaks of meeting the Lord." - Carlo Maria Martini, Cardinal of Milan
Psalm 44 - People's Supplication
1 To the director. For the children of Korah. Poem
With our ears we hear, O God!
Our ancestors told us
the wonders that you did in their days,
in the days of old.
With your hand you drove out peoples and punished nations;
and so you planted our fathers in this land,
and here you made them grow.
It was not by his sword that they conquered the land,
nor was it by his arm that gave them victory.
It was your right hand and your arm
and the light on your face, because you loved them.
You are my king, O God.
Decree victory for Jacob's people.
With you we will attack our adversaries;
by thy name we will trample our enemies underfoot.
It is not my bow that I trust,
nor my sword that will save me.
For Thou hast saved us from our enemies,
and hast covered those who hated us with shame.
have praised you at all times, O God,
and we shall celebrate your name forever.
But You rejected us and left us ashamed,
and you no longer go out with our armies.
You turn us back from enemies,
and those who hate us have plundered our goods.
You have given us up like sheep to slaughter
and scattered us among the peoples.
13 You have
sold your people for a pittance
and have not even discussed their prices.
You have made us a mockery of our neighbors, a
contempt and a mockery of those around us.
You made us an example to the peoples,
causing the nod of the head among the nations.
Every day I am aware of my misfortune,
and shame covers my face,
with the cries of the insulting and reproach,
in the sight of enemies and oppressors.
All this happened to us, without forgetting you
or breaking your covenant.
Our hearts have not turned back,
and our steps have not strayed from your path.
But You crushed us in the ground of wild beasts,
and enveloped us in deep darkness.
If we had forgotten the name of our God
and stretched out our hands to a strange god,
God would certainly have discovered this,
for He knows the depths of the heart.
Because of you, we have been slaughtered all day long
and treated like sheep for slaughter.
Awake, Lord, why are you sleeping?
Arise and do not reject us forever.
Why do you hide your face
and forget our misery and tribulation?
Our soul is prostrate in the dust,
and our belly is on the ground.
Arise to our help
and redeem us by your mercy.
Meaning and interpretation
The Psalm 44
is a collective prayer of supplication
. It begins with a hymn of praise to God for the wonders
performed for the ancestors (Verses 2-9). There follows a lamentation
over the misfortunes that left the whole nation humiliated before other peoples (Verses 10-17) and concludes with a complaint of the people
, because of the abandonment that all that seemed to mean on the part of God (Verses 18- 27).
The intensity of the collective problems
that are reflected here makes us think of a time of particular difficulty and insecurity,
which leads specialists to link the origin of this Psalm to the destruction of Jerusalem in 587. The same happens with Psalm 74; 79; 80.
This Psalm expresses the moral and psychological suffering
of an entire people because of the ill - treatment that are inflicted, as a result of wars
. The delivery of sheep for slaughter, the dispersal and exile in foreign lands, and the sale of the people to waste as slaves are metaphors that the practices of warfare in antiquity made very real and frequent.
The Psalmist asks God to abandon his kind of falling asleep
or the attitude of rejection and forgetfulness
, asking Him to reconsider and turn back to his people
The Psalms of Supplication
are very present in the Book of Psalms. They speak of human frailty and the most basic feelings of your mortal condition. Times of peace and plenty contrast
with war and individual or community destruction. The Psalmist pleads for God's help
and asks him to end his situation of affliction
, ending with the certainty of having been heard
In spiritual practice, the supplication and request to God reflects a lot the meaning of prayer,
being the privileged way to establish contact and raise the voice to the Divine
. In numerous Psalms, supplication seems to be the most immediate motivation and the greatest concern. When turning to God, the speaker / Psalmist finds tenderness, justice, compassion, reconciliation, purification, in short, peace itself.
involved in these prayers are varied and basic; affect humanity over the millennia, and are still current today. They reflect multiple interior
, individual and collective experiences, and the relationship between people and peoples. They address topics such as the deadly threat of disease, persecution, aging, violence, war, betrayal, loneliness, enemy aggression and how these feelings alter consciousness
we have of ourselves, of our relationship with others and with God.
Situations that prompt supplication can be bitter
, but the Psalms generally express a state of mind of trust
and end in thanksgiving
. The Psalmist cries out to God for his help and forgiveness in a profound expression of limitless trust
in divine compassion and justice. Even the cry of the Psalmist is already a fighting speech, change will, of inner transformation, confidence and hope for a free future evil,
and the wicked
The Psalms of Supplication
they are classified as individual supplication and collective supplication. Those of Individual Supplication
comprise Psalm 3; 5-7; 13; 17; 22; 26; 27; 28; 31; 35; 39; 42-43; 51; 54-57; 59; 61; 63; 64; 69-71; 88; 102; 109; 120; 130; 140-143. and those of Collective Supplication
Ps 12; 44; 58; 60; 74; 80; 83; 85; 90; 94; 108; 123; 127.
The Book of Psalms
The Joy and Happiness of the Righteous in Communion with God
The Psalms are prayer-poems
addressed to God, being the privileged way to address and speak to Him. Depicting the common man
, with his failures, insecurities, fears and hopes, we can still identify with the Psalmist and be inspired today in Psalms to make prayers
to God in times of trouble or express our gratitude
for some blessing received.
The Psalms, despite being written in Antiquity, still move
, awaken feelings
. In them, we can identify anguish
, deeply human feelings, praises, supplications, teachings of reflection on spiritual wisdom and prophetic words.
Written for different situations
, some Psalms are intimate, revealing the author's personal relationship with God; others provide guidelines and advice for life, others are compositions for specific liturgical events such as rituals and pilgrimages.
The Book of Psalms
is composed of a collection of 150 poetic texts and is divided into five parts, called Psalm Books or Booklets. Each Book closes with short hymns of praise to God
. The division into five parts was considered to correspond to the five books of Moses and it is assumed that each passage in the Pentateuch (first five books of the Bible, called Torah by the Jews) was read in parallel with the corresponding Psalm. Its main forms are lamentation
The Power of Prayer in Dialogue with the Divine
The Psalms elevate our thoughts to the Divine and prayer
is the power of the word
. Prayer is the language of faith. Any thought, word or image addressed to God is called prayer
. It is through it that we come into contact with our God within
and, therefore, it is so powerful in transforming life
. Prayer can produce miracles
, turn dreams into reality, give us hope for change
with ourselves and the world.
Each Psalm has an intention
that helps us meditate
and walk with our God
. For many theologians, the Book of Psalms has a prophetic or messianic tone as its verses refer to the coming of Christ into the world of men to guide them through the uncertainty and doubts of Human existence.
has the power to call the Spiritual Universe
full mode, honest, sincere, conscious, for the purpose of spiritual self-protection, family protection and those who are dear to us, to have peace of mind, spiritual and physical, for prosperity and success, to protect health and relationships, to ward off negative energies and, above all, to connect us to something bigger than ourselves. From this peace
, well-being, hope and goodness in front of everyone and everything result.
can change our lives. It gives us tranquility
and spiritual strength
to face challenges. It helps us to meditate
on our mission in life and to create a balanced and healthy environment
for ourselves and those we love. When you pray, fill your heart with love
. The Psalms will guide you on a path of peace
and communion with the higher energy